Types of Developers Explained

Types of Developers Explained

The digital world wouldn’t be the same without the hard work of software developers. They are the ones that provide user experience and easy access to technology for people around the world. Those in the field of development have an understanding of numerous tools to get the most out of programming, including Git services, IDEs, databases, and scripting.

There are many different types of developers, each with their own specialties and responsibilities. Front-end, back-end and full stack development are areas that complement one another to create a product. At the same time, web and mobile developers will have their own niche software and tasks.

Specific fields will require you to have a suite of skills, and be familiar with testing, DevOps, debugging, and more to realize the full potential of a product.

What Is a Developer?

Developers create the software, frameworks and websites we use in our day-to-day lives. They play a central role in delivering a product - they make mobile apps, script coding, and social media posts work. Depending on their field, they’ll have a range of functions and tasks to fulfill.

Types of Developers

Let's delve into the different types of software developers with their key responsibilities. Since each has its perks, you should follow what you’re most passionate about. This list will include the average salary of each data scientist in the United States, Spain, and Germany.

User Input

One way to categorize development positions and responsibilities is by their role in relation to user input. In this sense, you can be a front-end, back-end or full stack developer.

Front-end developers work on the user’s side of things, while back-end developers deal with the software’s logic. Full stack refers to developers who work on both the front and back end.

Both front-end and back-end developers can also be mobile and web developers. This distinction only refers to their degree of user interaction.

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Front-end Developer

The first entry in this list of developer job types is the front-end developer.

Also known as a client-side developer, this role is responsible for building the software the user directly interacts with. The user interface includes the buttons on your touchscreen or the option select menu on your camera.

Developers who specialize in front-end systems must be familiar with customer needs and preferences. User-friendly optimization is an effective way to retain visitors. Front-end developers usually use coding languages like HTML, JavaScript, and CSS.

Front-end development can be as pressing as back-end work under certain circumstances. For example, they’ll likely be expected to create visually stimulating design choices. The more effective the front-end development, the more comfortable the user will be with the mobile or web application.

Back-end Developer

Back-end developers focus on making sure the website or app is running as it should. They create software that runs in the background when one interacts with the front-end systems.

Many things fall under the category of back-end development. Servers and databases, and how they connect with a website itself is managed with back-end programming.

C#, PHP, Java, and Python are the most common backend coding languages. Backend developers will have a data-driven focus on their work and also need to be familiar with database systems.

Full Stack Developer

Full Stack developers are responsible for both front-end and back-end systems. Thus, they usually share a large portion of the workload.

These developing operations are common for orders where they will have much of the responsibility, as they will develop the application in full. Such tasks vary from going along with customer opinions to performing continuous tests on back-end software.

Types of Software

Different software requires different capacities of work, whether it’s security developers or embedded system developers. So, another aspect you should consider is the niche or area of expertise you’d want to specialize in.

Mobile Developer

Mobile developers are responsible for maintaining and upgrading mobile-phone software systems and mobile applications. 

You need only look at the App Store to see how many people are developing their own apps.

Someone in this field will typically need to look at the UI frameworks and design aspects of developing software products for smart devices with a “mobile-first” mindset. Big data developers will have to make concessions with spacing and utility to ensure they meet the needs of their audience.

Many fields are encompassed by this type of developer role, including games, streaming platforms, and internal systems. App developers will troubleshoot computer programs, ensure windows have responsive designs, and streamline overall app performance on any mobile device, such as smartphones and tablets. It is crucial that the apps work for Android, as well as for iOS.

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Photo by Sigmund / Unsplash

Web Developer

The growing demand for online content makes web or graphics developers increasingly in demand.

Designing websites is multifaceted, particularly as users need an easy-to-navigate interface and a site that’s both engaging, fast to use, swift and reliable. Otherwise, traffic is liable to come to a standstill.

It is a career some find a lot of flexibility in. For instance, knowledge of web development is advantageous for advertising a product, promoting a hobby, or cataloging old information. As with many paths in development, this is a career that will likely see a significant increase in job growth over the next ten years.

Embedded Developer

Embedded or Desktop developers work on the hardware of devices. All electronic equipment requires some coding for it to function for the operating systems to be viable. The tasks of embedded developers will vary.

Some developers will need to be familiar with microcontrollers. Linux, C++, and general purpose input/output are embedded engineering languages. Embedded developers must adhere to Quality Assurance procedures to ensure their products meet the highest standards.

The hardware used by embedded developers is mostly day-to-day appliance tech, such as cars, refrigerators, washing machines, and modems. Embedded developers will thus have to be familiar with many unique product sources.

Security Developer

Safety and privacy are a must-need for any functioning application. Security developers protect assets from hostile attacks, bad actors, and malware.

Software security developers will understand how infiltrations work and how to deal with an ongoing, dynamic situation. They will be familiar with protocols relating to delivering core protections, dealing with vulnerabilities, and identifying short- and long-term security solutions.

Data breaches, especially if large-scale, can pose serious reputational harm to companies and organizations. Thus, security developers are an in-demand, essential line of defense.

Essential Skills of a Developer

Developers need to be familiar with scripting languages, code editors, and the principles of computer science training. These skills include experience with the following:

  • Cloud Computing
  • Data Structure & Algorithms
  • Git
  • Containers
  • IDEs
  • Database
  • Scripting

Likewise, developers (both back-end and front-end) must be able to work multilaterally with other developers working on the same product.

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Photo by Priscilla Du Preez / Unsplash

Cloud Computing Skills

Developers will specialize in managing their network to deliver fast response time to their users. Cloud computing requires knowledge of coding languages and database maintenance. In addition, you’ll need excellent communication skills to collaborate with other development groups when necessary.

Cloud computing developers must keep their websites free of malware and cyber-attacks. With that in mind, programmers must also be familiar with the fundamentals of security development.

In addition to security matters, developers will need to interface with all of their assets seamlessly. Back-end software must correspond to the appropriate user input, so glitches and latency are things you’ll often test for.

Finally, software developers should be familiar with DevOps. It is a broad concept, but one example is knowing when to assume responsibility and when to put it aside to manage your time. DevOps is essentially the routine practice of improving your product using set methods.

Data Structure and Algorithms

One of the most valuable skills for software developers is the ability to think in shortcode. Being able to do so will let you organize your assets more effectively. Practice memorizing your data structure locations and how to categorize them better by writing down key details in your notes.

Software development is algorithmic. Every command a user enters into a device results in a flurry of algorithms, so you’ll need a firm understanding of coding language to think in shortcode.

Git and GitHub

Git is an application that lets users look over their file history. Changes to the source of a product will be visible to anyone using it, making Git an effective way of cataloging entries into a work-in-progress project.

Meanwhile, GitHub is open-source software that uses Git to host group projects and version control. It has more than 200,000,000 repositories and is a wildly popular website for those who develop software.


Containers ensure the smoothness of a product, for example, a website’s reaction to front-end user input. They improve quality by storing code and information in a unit. The biggest advantage of containers is that they can isolate the code from the environment it runs in. Being familiar with containers is essential as they are routinely used to help run an application faster across multiple platforms.

Moreover, containers allow users across the cloud to engage with the software stored within. Containers have applications for both developers and users of the software. They are particularly beneficial for web and game developers, and are frequently utilized by those working on large projects.


IDEs are integrated development environment software. They are made up of a variety of helpful tools to streamline routine coding tasks to help developers save time. Unsurprisingly, they can be your best friend in the programming world.

IntelliJ IDEA, Visual Studio and Visual Studio Code are the most popular IDEs. Others include NetBeans and Eclipse. Integrated development environment software has compilers, debugging tools, reports, code editors, and other utilities necessary in the development process.


Understanding databases will help you along with your project, and will likely be used by your group members and peers.

Databases will store and categorize every bit of information worth retaining. They save data in a structured way so that programs can access it easily.


Scripting is one of the responsibilities of developers across fields. Web, mobile, and both front-end and back-end developers use scripting.

For software developers, scripting languages will be the bread and butter of their work. Everything in this field is written in scripting languages, such as JavaScript, Perl, Lua, PHP, and SQL.

These scripting languages are forms of programming languages, but not all programming languages are of the scripting variety. C++, for instance, is a programming language, but not a scripting one. It runs its written code through a compiler. Meanwhile, a language/compiler developer is responsible for analyzing and converting the source code of a specific language.

Scripting involves designing a flow chart of commands and effects in the source of a product. One should have an understanding of the butterfly effect of changes in the coding. Scripting allows for systems to automate themselves and eliminates the need for constant input.

Certifications To Deepen Your Knowledge

There are several certifications and degrees that could broaden your knowledge of software development, including:

  • Software Engineering Master Certification (SEMC)
  • Master Certified Web Professional - Designer (CWP)
  • Certified Software Development Professional
  • Programming in C# Certification
  • Oracle Certified Master
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Certifications in programming will do more than just look great on your resume. Many, like the SEMC and the CWP, are international, giving holders of them more flexibility in securing a solid position in the workplace across Europe and further afield. What’s more, thanks to remote work, you could pursue your career internationally while still staying in Germany or elsewhere.

What the Future Holds for Software Developers

Future software development is likely to see further dramatic inroads in growth. The workforce for this field is mostly young and more potential applicants are training by the day.

Moreover, new devices and applications create vast opportunities for further developmental openings. For example, new gaming software will need an array of video game developers focused on core elements like graphics and audio.

Salaries will vary dramatically depending on the work field and task requirements. DevOps developers, data security analysts, and system developers will find increasing demand for their skills.

Wrapping Up

The tasks that software developers must come to terms with can be made easier with the appropriate skills. No matter the different types of developer around, each plays a crucial role in their field, so deciding which are the top developer jobs is a subjective one. Improving your skill set is essential in that career path. Ultimately, your best bet is to pursue what you are most passionate about.